Haggai, Zachariah and Malachi ministered in the same time period as Ezra, Nehemiah and Queen Esther. D&C 95. Teach of the Lord’s displeasure when the people neglected his commandment to build the temple (see Haggai 1). Was built and dedicated by Solomon (see 1 Kings 8). The Lord raised up Haggai and Zechariah to inspire the people to complete the temple (see Ezra 4:24–5:2). gives the exiles returning everything Nebuchadnezzar took from the temple: gold, silver, goblets, plates, furniture etc. Ezra 3:8-13, is not a contemporaneous document; on the other hand, the utterances of Haggai and Zechariah and Ezra v are thought to come from … Clear promises that God is with his people (reference to the covenant) When Cyrus send back the 1st wave of the remnant, he. 2:2 the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the Lord their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the Lord their God had sent him. A difficult problem of chronology is raised by the material in Ezra 4:6–23. Haggai was the first prophetic voice to be heard after the Exile to Babylon. Daniel 9:17. Experience what it's like when God places His hand on the lives of His people in Ezra and Haggai to prove He is the promise- keeping God. Why did Daniel petition the Lord in the first year of Darius? The people had returned to the land of Israel after seventy years of captivity. Haggai’s name is mentioned 9 times in the book. The events recorded in Ezra 4:6–23 very likely took place after the building of the temple, as is indicated by the reference to Ahasuerus and Artaxerxes (see vv. 2 Kings 17:24–41. Hence the abrupt return of the spirit of prophecy, some of the last utterances of which provoked or "stirred up "--as Cyrus had been stirred up--the spirit of the two leaders and of the heads of the families. He was known by the Persian name Sheshbazzar (see Religion 302 student manual, J-3). Use the example of Ezra and interfaith marriages to teach that it is best to obey the Lord’s counsel at first rather than to have to reform later and experience the accompanying hardship. Was located at Gilgal for several years while Joshua conquered Canaan (see Joshua 4:19). “temple of Zerubbabel”). They encouraged the rebuilding of the temple (see Ezra 5:1; Haggai 1). Was placed in Shiloh when the Israelites had “subdued” the land (Joshua 18:1; see also Joshua 19:51; Judges 18:31). His personal background is recorded in Ezra … He brought back riches from the rulers and others in Babylon who contributed to the temple (see Ezra 7). This resulted in a period of national punishment, as the prophet Haggai explains. Cyrus permitted the Jews to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the Lord’s house (see Ezra 1–2). Was enlarged and courtyards were added by Herod for political reasons (see Bible dictionary, s.v. Why are the Saints commanded to build temples? He is given no introduction other than the prophet (cf. What did Isaiah prophesy about Cyrus? AUTHOR: Probably Haggai himself. Religion 302 student manual, 29-1 through 29-24; J-1 through J-9. The work of rebuilding stalled, however, when opposition arose (Ezra 3:1–4:5). He worked with Ezra to reform the people (see Nehemiah 8–10). A. Haggai does not tell that part of the story, but the Jews obtained a decree from the king allowing them to build and providing them with the necessities for building and for the worship of God in the temple, to the consternation of their enemies (Ezra 5:3-6:13). Ezra the Scribe Labored in Judah. Was completed after the prophets Haggai and Zechariah were sent to encourage the people to finish the reconstruction, which had begun many years before (see Ezra 5:1–2; Haggai 1). Experience what it's like when God places His hand on the lives of His people in Ezra and Haggai to prove He is the promise- keeping God. Ezra 1 English Standard Version (ESV) The Proclamation of Cyrus. The returnees finished the project about five years later in 515 B.C. Religion 301–2 instructor’s guide, lesson 7, section A. References about marriage outside the covenant are given. Ezra (approximately 458 B.C.). Esther (approximately 487–478 B.C.). You are not expected to teach everything in the scripture content outline. Inductive Studies in Haggai – Small Group Studies with Discussion Questions. Haggai, the writer of this short book, is mentioned in Ezra 5:1–2 and 6:14 as one of the two prophets who encouraged the remnant (that returned after the Babylonian captivity) to rebuild the temple in spite of the difficulties that beset them on every hand. Haggai’s contemporary, Zechariah, was visionary and had his head in the clouds, but pragmatic Haggai had both feet on the ground. (Ezra 6:13-15). Was repaired and rededicated during the time of the Maccabees. The Persian ruler Cyrus the Great captured Babylon in 539 b.c. Leviticus chapter 23 lists the seven festivals and annual holy days, arranged in order of occurrence throughout each year. The Lord encouraged his people and spoke of his coming and of the temple’s future glory (see Haggai 2:1–9). Upon Tatnai’s request, Darius supported a decree made by Cyrus, and temple reconstruction was begun again (see Ezra 5:3–6:12). (1-2) Now occurs the intervention of the two prophets, Haggai and Zechariah, whose testimonies and predictions should at this point be read. Review the story of the rebuilding of the temple and the reestablishment of the law. 2 Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem: and with them were the prophets … Haggai 1–2. She did not return to Jerusalem from captivity in Babylon (see Esther 1–2). Restoring the Future. Ez). Resumption of the building of the temple (Haggai 1:12-15; Ezra 5:2) - September 520 The rebuilding seems to have been hindered from 536 to about 530 according to Ezra 4:1-5, and the work ceased altogether from about 530 to 520 according to Ezra 4:24. For many years the project languished until the prophets Haggai and Zechariah “began to prophesy…in the name of the God of Israel” and then supported the Yehudite leaders in rebuilding the temple (Ezra 5:1, 2; NABR). 12 # Ezra 5:2 Then # ver. He had been a royal cupbearer in the Persian court (see Nehemiah 2:1; Religion 302 student manual, J-5). He was the first of three post-exile prophets from the Neo-Babylonian Exile of the House of Judah, who belonged to the period of Jewish history which began after the return from … Haggai’s prophecy came at a time when the people of Judah were extremely vulnerable. First Corinthians 15:58 can appropriately be written over this book. Haggai Exhorted the Jews to Reconstruct the Temple. He led a group to Jerusalem from Babylon sometime after the first group of exiles returned (see Ezra 7; Religion 302 student manual, J-5). According to the same book, however, work was halted soon afterwards because of outside interference (Ezra 4:1-24). After their request to be allowed to help was rejected, the Samaritans hindered the work on the temple and finally caused it to be stopped (see Ezra 4:1–5, 24). Watch our overview video on the book of Haggai, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. (30-1) Introduction “Haggai, the earliest prophet of the post-exilic restoration of Judah, is known, apart from this book, only from references made to him in Ezra. Was worked on between 17 B.C. TPJS, pp. Under commission of Artaxerxes, Ezra led a group of Jews to Jerusalem to reestablish Jewish law (see Ezra 7–8). (Ezra 5:1 ) Tools. The name Haggai means “festal one”. Religion 302 student manual, 29-25 through 29-31. Sixteen years later Haggai and Zechariah were commissioned by the Lord to stir up the people to: Haggai’s first message (Haggai 1:1-11; Ezra 5:1) - August 520 B.C. Old Testament Instructor’s Guide, Religion 301–2, Lesson 44: 2 Kings 21–25; Nahum; Zephaniah; Habakkuk, Lesson 46: Jeremiah 20–22; 24–29; 32; 34–45; 52; Lamentations, Lesson 47: Jeremiah 23; 30–31; 33; 46–51; Obadiah, Appendix A: Annotated References to the Books of Chronicles, Appendix B: Chronological Correlation of the Kings of Israel and of Judah, “Lesson 52: Ezra, Haggai,” Old Testament Instructor’s Guide, Religion 301–2 (1994), 103–4, “Ezra, Haggai,” Old Testament Instructor’s Guide, 103–4, Ezra 1–6. Was destroyed by the army of Titus in A.D. 70 (see Bible dictionary, s.v. The Lord raised up Haggai and Zechariah to inspire the people to complete the temple (see Ezra 4:24–5:2). Did these prophets accomplish their mission? The temple was finished and dedicated, and the Passover was kept (see Ezra 6:13–22). C. He may have been a priest 4. Review the related parts of the chronology chart in the Religion 302 student manual, and point out the relationship between the books and the following people. Was desecrated by the Syrian king, Antiochus Epiphanes (see Bible dictionary, s.v. Ezra 3 English Standard Version (ESV) Rebuilding the Altar. His name means "my holidays." In 538 he permitted the Jews to return to Jerusalem so that they might rebuild the temple (Ezra 1–2). 2 Chronicles 36:22–23. The Jews Returned from Captivity in Babylon, and They Rebuilt Their Temple. Micah 5:4 And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth. Select those concepts that you feel will be the most helpful to your students. Haggai is pressed into service to offer a prophetic voice to the crisis detailed in Ezra. 7 I will shake all the nations, and they will come with all their treasures, and I will fill this … ( alongside Ezra 6) Haggai is encouraging those who knew the old temple. These show him as a contemporary of Zechariah, serving in Judah and Jerusalem. He is known for his prophecy in 520 BCE, commanding the Jews to rebuild the Temple. His releasing the Jews may have been prompted by the Spirit and Isaiah’s writings (see Religion 302 student manual, J-2). The people were unclean because they had neglected the Lord’s house, but they would yet be blessed if they repented (see Haggai 2:10–19). For the background of his message, read Ezra 3:8-13, also chapters 4 through 6. What parallels are there between the building of Zerubbabel’s temple and the building of the Kirtland Temple? Was reconstructed, by permission of Cyrus, when the Jews returned from the Babylonian captivity (see Ezra 1:1–4). Haggai promised the Jews blessings if they would continue the reconstruction, and they did (see Haggai 1:7–8, 12–15). The prophet Haggai and Zechariah, grandson of Iddo, prophesied to the Jews in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of Israel's God, who was over them. Haggai told the Jews that their hardships were caused by their neglect in rebuilding the temple (see Haggai 1:1–6, 9–11). The temple was completed in Adar (February–March) of 515—21 years after the work started in 536, and 4 1/2 years after Haggai began his prophesying. Zechariah's ministry lasted longer than Haggai's. and A.D. 64. Point out that through neglect the people delayed receiving blessings the Lord desired to give them. Haggai ministered among the Jews who had returned to Judea after some 70 years of exile in Babylon. Zechariah 4:9–10. B. These fourteen Bible lessons consider passages of Scripture about how the people of Judah sought to restore their future and make a fresh start after the nation’s destruction and exile. The period of Israel’s history into which he fits is recorded in the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther. 6–7; see also J.R. Dummelow, A Commentary on the Holy Bible, p. 274). The prophets to the returned remnant were Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. Students are often not familiar with the history of this period. What prophet was contemporary to Haggai and was given the same mission? 1 Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that were in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, even unto them. About 45,000 to 50,000 Jews returned. Of these verses D. Guthrie and J. The Lord affirmed Zerubbabel’s position as governor of Judah (see Haggai 2:20–23). This study can help us … And the people feared the Lord. This short study is great for both new and experienced Precept Upon Precept leaders and groups. 307–8. This was 70 1/2 years after the temple had been destroyed on August 12,586. The altar was rebuilt, regular sacrifices were reinstituted, and the foundations of the temple were laid (see Ezra 3). He may have been a returnee from Babylon 3. “feasts”). While Ezra prays for changed hearts and the forgiveness of sin, he looks forward to the Messiah and the fulfillment of all God’s promises. Appears to have been located later in Nob (see 1 Samuel 21:1–4), though the ark of the covenant was in Kirjath-jearim for twenty years (see 1 Samuel 7:2). 2 Then arose Jeshua the son of Jozadak, with his fellow priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel with his kinsmen, and they built the altar of the God of Israel, to offer burnt offerings … However, it provides amazing behind the scenes insight into the events described in Ezra. Ezra, Haggai, Zechariah, Nehemiah, Malachi. He inspired the rebuilding of the city walls (see Nehemiah 2:17–20). Was built and carried in the wilderness (see Exodus 40). Haggai first sounded the call to resume construction in 520 B.C., and Zechariah soon joined him. He brought the first group (fifty thousand people) from Babylon to Jerusalem and was governor of Judah (see Ezra 2; Haggai 1:1; Religion 302 student manual, J-3). You can trust God. Who were the Samaritans who offered to help build the temple, and why was their assistance rejected? Haggai 1:2-8 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, This people say, The time is not come, the time that the LORD'S house should be built…, Zechariah 1:3,4 Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye unto me, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will turn unto you, saith the LORD of hosts…. Cyrus (approximately 539 B.C.). Haggai 1:1. Who were Zerubbabel and Joshua? Was prepared for by David, who gathered materials for it (see 1 Chronicles 22:1–5, 14; 29:1–5). With its emphasis on the Torah, the story of Ezra is linked with the story of the exodus of the Jews from Egypt and their identity as the people of God. 3 When the seventh month came, and the children of Israel were in the towns, the people gathered as one man to Jerusalem. They had been humbled by their exile to II. Timeline (For the Books Haggai, Nehemiah and Ezra) 546BC Cyrus the Great II (Persian) successfully captures the capital city of the Median Empire who had subjected them and claims title, “King of Persia.” 539BC Cyrus the Great II (Persian) captures Babylon with combined forces of the Medo-Persian army. Zechariah 1:1 In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying. What was Daniel concerned about in his supplication to God? Haggai’s name means “festival” or “festive.” It comes from the Hebrew word used to picture festive, joyous occasions and is a reference to God’s festivals and holy days described in both the Old and New Testaments. But in the language of the Biblical writers all religious teaching is "prophesying," and Ezra here refers mainly to the exhortations addressed to the Jews by Zechariah and Haggai. To prophesy, speak, by inspiration, to prophesy, speak, by inspiration, Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular, Zachariah -- the name of a number of Israelites, Iddo -- 'timely', the name of several Israelites, Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular, Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular, Judah -- the southern kingdom, named for one of the twelve tribes, Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular, Jerusalem -- the capital city of all Israel, Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct, Preposition | third person masculine plural, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, OT History: Ezra 5:1 Now the prophets Haggai the prophet (Ezr. Zerubbabel (approximately 536 B.C.). Was not to be built by David, even though he desired to build it, for he was forbidden to do so by the Lord (see 1 Chronicles 22:7–10). 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