The ship was also fitted with bulk petrol storage, new four-inch guns that used fixed ammunition, and new radio masts. HMS Argus was a British aircraft carrier that served in the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944. [10], Argus was reduced to Reserve at Portsmouth on 7 May, 1930. Full description. Examination of the aircraft revealed that their air coolers had been set to "Winter" rather than "Summer". [34], Force H was recalled to the United Kingdom in January and Argus loaded 12 Swordfish of 812 Squadron for her own protection. Three Fulmars of 800X Squadron were also embarked to protect the ship against the Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condors that patrolled the Bay of Biscay and the Eastern Atlantic. As the limitations of existing carriers became more apparent, this design was dusted off and the Admiralty located two lar… In June, she participated in Operation Harpoon, providing air cover for the Malta-bound convoy. As usual, Argus provided the air cover with a dozen Fulmars from 807 Squadron and Eagle ferried the Albacores and 17 Spitfires to their take-off point for Malta on 19 May. [10] No arresting gear was fitted as completed. Even the addition of 600 long tons (610 t) of ballast still left the ship with a very low metacentric height of only 1.6 feet (0.49 m) lightly loaded and 3.8 feet (1.2 m) at deep load. Renamed Riduna and sold to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926. About this forum RFA Argus is a Primary Casualty Receiving Ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. In 1912, the ship builder William Beardmorehad proposed to the Admiralty an aircraft carrier design with a continuous, full-length flight deck, but it was not accepted. The ship was under repair for a month after she reached the United Kingdom, but she required a more thorough refit that lasted from February to May 1943. Launched on 2nd December 1917 as the 11th RN warship to carry the name which was first used for a captured French privateer in 1792 and last borne by a Coastguard Vessel built in 1904. Argus loaded a dozen Hawker Hurricane and two Blackburn Skua fighters of 418 Flight RAF in late July for delivery to Malta as part of Operation Hurry. Most read. Since Argus was now classified as a naval auxiliary, her four-inch guns were removed. Each of the ship's four sets of Parsons geared steam turbines drove one propeller shaft. She arrived on 24 April and began a two-week refit after the aircraft were transferred. [26] A week later, she ferried Supermarine Walrus amphibians of 701 Squadron to Reykjavík, Iceland. Argus also evaluated various types of arresting gear, general procedures needed to operate a number of aircraft in concert and fleet tactics. This cruise was deemed very successful as 45 landings were made, only two of which resulted in serious accidents, an accident rate comparable to those of land-based units. One source indicates HMS ARGUS was also involved but is not confirmed.) The ship proved to be very manoeuvrable at medium and high speeds, but steered badly at low speeds and in wind due to her large surface area. [13], Argus was commissioned at Devonport on 30 July, 1938.[14]. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them as they lacked flight decks. T The ship was commissioned on 16 September 1918. Page 3 . In 1920 the ship was modified to make it more stable. The rear magazine and the torpedo warhead storage magazine were protected by a total of 2 inches (51 mm) of protective plating on all sides, but the forward magazine and bomb storage rooms had only a 2-inch thick deck to protect them. [38], As part of the preparations for another resupply convoy for Malta (Operation Pedestal), Argus returned to the United Kingdom in late June to load reserve aircraft, including six Sea Hurricanes of 804 Squadron, for the other aircraft carriers involved in the operation and left the Clyde on 2 August for Gibraltar. [7] Argus was the only British carrier serving in the Second World War capable of striking down (stowing away) aircraft with non-folding wings because of her wide lifts and tall hangar ceiling. It was still under construction when the First World War broke out. The revised system was successfully tested aboard the carrier Eagle later in the year and Argus' arresting gear was modified accordingly in time for the 1921 Spring Cruise, during which the ship carried ten Parnall Panther spotter and reconnaissance aircraft and three Fairey IIIC reconnaissance aircraft. HMS Argus (1904) was a coastguard vessel launched in 1904, renamed HMS Argon in 1918 and sold in 1920. [24] She was sold to Thos W Ward on 5 December 1946 and arrived at Inverkeithing later that month to be broken up. [42] In March, she was ordered to be converted to an aircraft freighter around the end of the year, but this plan was also apparently cancelled. May 12, 2015 Joris Nieuwint. Argus loaded more Hurricanes for Gibraltar and also embarked a pair of Swordfish from 818 Squadron and two Sea Hurricanes from 804X Squadron for self-defence. She returned to the United Kingdom on 11 April and loaded six replacement Swordfish as well as six Swordfish of 812 Squadron for self-defence. [8], She paid off into Dockyard Control on 2 November, 1925. Argus was recommissioned and partially modernised shortly before the Second World War and served as a training ship for deck-landing practice until June 1940. HMS Argus was a Royal Navy Fleet Carrier 1918-1946. [1], James Graham, Sixth Marquess of Montrose, a director of the Beardmore company, proposed to the Admiralty a design, "A Parent Ship for Naval Aeroplanes and Torpedo Boat Destroyer" in 1912. The exhaust gases were, instead, ducted aft in the space between the roof of the hangar deck and the flight deck and were enclosed by a casing through which cooler air was driven by electric fans. [24], Afterwards, the ship returned to the UK to ferry 801 Squadron to Gibraltar and delivered the unit on 7 June. the fleet air arm on board the british carrier hms argus. Page 1 . Renamed Riduna and sold to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926. Eagle transferred her Fulmars to Argus over the course of the battle and two more were lost later in the day. [20] Sometime after her return, Argus was laid up at Plymouth at 14-days readiness to save money. The boilers were taken from scrapped destroyers of the V and W class which were being broken up at Inverkeithing. Whilst in the United Kingdom, she loaded some Supermarine Spitfire fighters and returned to Gibraltar on 24 February. The ship was attacked multiple times by bombs and torpedoes during the battle without effect. [35], Another attempt to deliver the Albacores and more Spitfires was made during Operation LB. She displaced 14,450 long tons (14,680 t) at standard load and 15,575 long tons (15,825 t) at deep load. The initial design had two islands with the flight deck running between them. This was commonly divided up between one small flight of fighters (Gloster Nightjars or Fairey Flycatchers), one of spotters (Parnall Panthers or Avro Bisons), and one spotter reconnaissance flight with Fairey IIIs. [19], The ship's hull was surveyed in 1927 and anticipated to be sound for another 15 years,[10] and she relieved Hermes on the China Station from 1 September to 20 March 1928. The Ship. She was launched 2 Dec 1917, and eventually completed only a matter of weeks before the Armistice. Royal Navy Index. As well as operating her own aircraft, Argus was used to fly off Bristol Fighters that had been ferried to the Dardanelles aboard the seaplane carrier Ark Royal to an airfield at Kilia on the European side of the straits. Conte Rosso was purchased on 20 September 1916, possibly because her machinery was more complete than that of Giulio Cesare, and the company began work on converting the ship. http://dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php?title=H.M.S._Argus_(1917)&oldid=291736. 2 August 1917, Sqn Cdr E. H. Dunningmakes the first aircraft landing on a moving ship, HMS Furious 1914 28 June — Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand; World War Ibegins. Argus had her genesis in the Admiralty's desire during the First World War for an aircraft carrier that could fly off wheeled aircraft and land them aboard. In February 1936, it was decided to refit the ship as a tender for Queen Bee target drones. [30] After Furious's Skuas had flown off to search for Hipper, space was cleared to allow Argus' Swordfish to load the torpedoes, but the Skuas could not locate Hipper because of the poor visibility. Conversion into a seaplane carrier commenced immediately. By April 1940, the ship had been rearmed with two QF Mk V 4-inch anti-aircraft guns on her quarterdeck, as well as three quadruple Vickers .50 machine gun mounts; one of these was on each side of her hull and the third was on the centreline of the quarterdeck. [9], She re-commissioned at the Nore on 19 January, 1927 for service in the Atlantic Fleet, with a Headquarters Flight and Flights 401, 422, and 441 embarked. The two carriers repeated the delivery on 29 March when Eagle flew off seven more Spitfires whilst 807 Squadron provided air cover from Argus. Eventually, the ship loaded some damaged aircraft and accompanied Eagle back to the United Kingdom on 20 October. 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